Veal cattle health and welfare is a top priority for veal farmers, and they take that responsibility seriously. Canada’s national Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Veal Cattle (the Code) is the standard of responsible care for veal cattle in Canada, based on the latest research and understanding of veal cattle behaviour and welfare. The Code spells out what farmers need to do to ensure veal cattle are healthy, safe, and well-cared for, able to express normal behavior, and experience freedom from hunger, thirst, discomfort, pain, injury, disease, fear, and distress. More information is available here.
Farmers work closely with veterinarians to make sure veal cattle are healthy and productive. Veterinarians are very knowledgeable about production practices, health, and welfare and can advise farmers about the best treatment and care their animals need.
There are also very specific rules that farmers must follow when it comes to handling and transporting veal cattle. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) oversees these regulations, which cover everything from weather and maximum travel times to adequate space, access to food and water, and how to deal with animals that are considered compromised or unfit for transport.