Veal Farmers of Ontario (VFO) supports the Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Veal Cattle (the Code) developed through the National Farm Animal Care Council’s process.

The Code is the veal industry’s standard of care and all veal producers across Canada are expected to follow it. VFO does not have the regulatory authority to enforce the Code, but will support the Code in the event there are issues on-farm.

Learn more about the requirements for housing calves in these articles.


Calf barns or rooms can be ventilated naturally or mechanically. Natural ventilation combined with a positive pressure ventilation tube (PPVT) system provides the best of both.

There are four primary goals for ventilating calf barns or rooms:

  1. Remove moisture in cold weather,
  2. Remove heat in hot weather,
  3. Provide fresh air uniformly, and
  4. Provide fresh air without causing drafts.

Learn more about ventilation in this article.